America’s Sam Spade and Philip Marlowe are considered the prototype tough guy detective – broke, boozy and up to his eyeballs in broads (Spade and Marlowe were exceptions) but honest – at least according to his own definition of honest. Spade and Marlowe arrived in the late 30s but it was the 40s, 50s and 60s that saw a wide range of “dicks”, “shamuses”, “PIs” and "gum-shoes" arrive on the scene. Even England had a tough guy (Cheyney’s Slim Callaghan). As often as not, they had the equivalent of an armed truce with the police but some had officers who were very good friends (the wild and wacky Shell Scott and his Captain Samson) and others who made a point of working with the police – as long as it was a two way street (insurance investigators Milo March and Brian Brett).
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